In contemporary literary studies, a theme is the central topic a text treats. Themes can be divided into two categories: a work’s thematic concept is what readers “think the work is about” and its thematic statement being “what the work says about the subject”. Given this context, the most common contemporary understanding of theme is an idea or concept that is central to a story, which can often be summed in a single word (i.e. , love, death, betrayal).