Knowledge Articles

Web mapping

Web mapping is the process of designing, implementing, generating and delivering maps on the World Wide Web and its product. While web mapping primarily deals with technological issues, web cartography additionally studies theoretic aspects: the use of web maps, the...

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IP address

An Internet Protocol address (IP address) is a numerical label assigned to each device (e.g. , computer, printer) participating in a computer network that uses the Internet Protocol for communication. An IP address serves two principal functions: host or network...

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Internet layer

The internet layer or IP layer is a group of internetworking methods, protocols, and specifications in the Internet protocol suite that are used to transport datagrams (packets) from the originating host across network boundaries, if necessary, to the destination host...

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Zend Engine

The Zend Engine is the open source scripting engine that interprets the PHP programming language. It was originally developed by Andi Gutmans and Zeev Suraski while they were students at the Technion - Israel Institute of Technology. They later founded a company...

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Zend Technologies

Zend Technologies Ltd. is an Israeli world wide web infrastructure software company with headquarters in Cupertino, California, U.S. , technology center in Ramat Gan, Tel Aviv, Israel and offices in France, Italy and Germany. The company's operations are currently...

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Software versioning

Software versioning is the process of assigning either unique version names or unique version numbers to unique states of computer software. Within a given version number category (major, minor), these numbers are generally assigned in increasing order and correspond...

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Zeev Suraski

Zeev Suraski is an Israeli programmer, PHP developer and co-founder of Zend Technologies. A graduate of the Technion in Haifa, Israel, Suraski and fellow student Andi Gutmans created PHP 3 in 1997. In 1999 they wrote the Zend Engine, the core of PHP 4, and founded...

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Rasmus Lerdorf

Rasmus Lerdorf is a Danish programmer with Canadian citizenship. He is best known for creating the PHP scripting language, authoring the first two versions of the language and participating in the development of later versions led by a group of developers including...

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Class-based programming

Class-based programming, or more commonly class-orientation, refers to the style of object-oriented programming in which inheritance is achieved by defining classes of objects, as opposed to the objects themselves. The most popular and developed model of OOP is a...

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Google News

Google News is a free news aggregator provided and operated by Google Inc, selecting most up-to-date information from thousands of publications by an automatic aggregation algorithm. Launched in September 2002, the service was tagged as a beta test for over three...

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Android software development

Android software development is the process by which new applications are created for the Android operating system. Applications are usually developed in the Java programming language using the Android Software Development Kit, but other development tools are...

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Internet Standard

In computer network engineering, an Internet Standard (abbreviated as "STD") is a normative specification of a technology or methodology applicable to the Internet. Internet Standards are created and published by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF).

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Marketing mix

Marketing mix

The marketing mix is a business tool used in marketing and by marketing professionals. The marketing mix is often crucial when determining a product or brand's offering, and is often synonymous with the four Ps: price, product, promotion, and place; in service...

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Unix-like

A Unix-like (sometimes referred to as UN*X or *nix) operating system is one that behaves in a manner similar to a Unix system, while not necessarily conforming to or being certified to any version of the Single UNIX Specification. There is no standard for defining the...

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List of iOS devices

This is a list and comparison of devices designed and marketed by Apple Inc. (formerly. Apple Computer Inc. ) that run a Unix-like operating system named iOS, often referred to simply as iDevices. The devices include the iPhone multimedia smartphone, the iPod Touch,...

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Digital distribution

Digital distribution

Digital distribution (also called content delivery, online distribution, or electronic software distribution, among others) describes the delivery of media content such as audio, video, software and video games, without the use of physical media usually over online...

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Internet Engineering Task Force

The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) develops and promotes Internet standards, cooperating closely with the W3C and ISO/IEC standards bodies and dealing in particular with standards of the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP). It is an open standards organization,...

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Narrative journalism

Narrative journalism

Narrative journalism is the interpretation of a story and the way in which the journalist portrays it, be it fictional or non-fictional. In easier words, it tells a story. Narrative journalism is also commonly referred to as literary journalism, which is defined as...

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Business operations

The outcome of business operations is the harvesting of value from assets owned by a business. Assets can be either physical or intangible. An example of value derived from a physical asset, like a building, is rent. An example of value derived from an intangible...

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Internationalization and localization

In computing, internationalization and localization are means of adapting computer software to different languages, regional differences and technical requirements of a target market. Internationalization is the process of designing a software application so that it...

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Uniform resource identifier

Uniform resource identifier

In computing, a uniform resource identifier (URI) is a string of characters used to identify a name or a web resource. Such identification enables interaction with representations of the web resource over a network using specific protocols. Schemes specifying a...

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Web resource

The concept of a web resource is primitive in the Web architecture, and is used in the definition of its fundamental elements. The term was first introduced to refer to targets of uniform resource locators (URLs), but its definition has been further extended to...

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Marketing communications

Marketing communications (or marcom or integrated marketing communications) are messages and related media used to communicate with a market. Marketing communications is the "promotion" part of the "marketing mix" or the "four Ps": price, place, promotion, and product.

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Feature phone

A feature phone is a mobile phone which is priced at the mid-range in a wireless provider's hardware lineup. It is intended for customers who want a moderately priced and multipurpose phone without the expense of a high-end smartphone. A feature phone has additional...

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Google Play

Google Play, formerly Android Market, is a digital distribution service operated and developed by Google. It serves as the official app store for devices running on "Google certified" Android operating system, allowing users to browse and download applications...

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App Store (iOS)

The Apple App Store is a digital application distribution platform for iOS developed and maintained by Apple Inc. The service allows users to browse and download applications that were developed with Apple's iOS SDK. The apps can be downloaded directly to an iOS...

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IBM Generalized Markup Language

Generalized Markup Language (GML) is a set of macros that implement intent-based (procedural) markup tags for the IBM text formatter, SCRIPT. SCRIPT/VS is the main component of IBM's Document Composition Facility (DCF). A starter set of tags in GML is provided with...

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Information source

An information source is a source of information for somebody, i.e. anything that might inform a person about something or provide knowledge to somebody. Different types of questions require different sources of information. Information sources may be observations,...

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Out-of-home advertising

Out-of-home advertising (or outdoor advertising) is made up of more than 100 different formats, totaling $6.99 billion in annual revenues in 2008 in the USA. Outdoor advertising is essentially any type of advertising that reaches the consumer while he or she is...

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